Closed-Circuit Television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors. It differs from broadcast television in that the signal is not openly transmitted, though it may employ point to point (P2P), point to multipoint, or mesh wireless links. Though almost all video cameras fit this definition, the term is most often applied to those used for surveillance in areas that may need monitoring such as banks, casinos, airports, military installations, and convenience stores.
Security cameras are a great way to provide security for your home or workplace. As well as providing you with video footage of any events that may happen, they also act as a visible deterrent to criminals. In industrial plants, CCTV equipment may be used to observe parts of a process from a central control room, for example when the environment is not suitable for humans. CCTV systems may operate continuously or only as required to monitor a particular event. A more advanced form of CCTV, utilizing digital video recorders (DVRs), to provide recording for possibly many years, with a variety of quality and performance options and extra features (such as motion detection and email alerts). More recently, decentralized IP cameras, some equipped with megapixel sensors, support recording directly to network-attached storage devices, or internal flash for completely stand-alone operation.
Surveillance of the public using CCTV is particularly common in many areas around the world. In recent years, the use of body worn video cameras has been introduced as a new form of surveillance. The earliest video surveillance systems involved constant monitoring because there was no way to record and store information. The development of reel-to- reel media enabled the recording of surveillance footage. These systems required magnetic tapes to be changed manually, which was a time consuming, expensive and unreliable process, with the operator having to manually thread the tape from the tape reel through the recorder onto an empty take-up reel. Due to these shortcomings, video surveillance was not widespread.
VCR technology became available in the 1970s, making it easier to record and erase information, and use of video surveillance became more common. CCTV can be grouped into two categories: the outdoor cameras and the indoor cameras. Either of the categories can be day/night vision cameras, IP cameras or wireless cameras. At EIBS, we sell, supply and install CCTV of highest quality and relatively cost effective.